The Federal Circuit Giveth, And The Federal Circuit Taketh Away

Posted by Jonathan Roses on Feb 19, 2020

Jonathan Roses

That is the gist of a recent decision by the court, which permitted an IPR Petitioner to use “general knowledge” to fill in missing claim limitations in certain circumstances, but also constrained the PTAB as to what grounds may serve as the basis for instituting trial.

Petitioners seeking IPR of a patent must make their case for unpatentability based on two types of prior art – patents and printed publications. However, in Koninklijke Philips N.V. v. Google LLC (No. 2019-1177), the Federal Circuit held that those references can be used as evidence of the general knowledge, and need not be made part of a specific combination. Specifically, the court found that the Petitioner had properly alleged that although the primary reference relied upon did not disclose each and every element of the claimed invention, the differences between the claimed invention and that reference would have been obvious to a skilled person based on their general knowledge.

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Topics: Prior Art, "Federal Circuit", PTAB

In Follow-On IPR Petitions, Different Prior Art May Not Be Considered Substantially Different

Posted by Lingyin Ge on Jun 18, 2019

Lingyin Ge

An IPR follow-on petitioner may find it particularly challenging to select the best prior art references and arguments to submit to the PTAB. To make matters worse, the PTAB may decide to invoke its discretionary denial under 35 U.S.C. § 325(d) if it considers the prior art and/or arguments submitted in the follow-on petition to be the same or substantially the same as those considered during prosecution, in parallel proceedings, or in an earlier-filed IPR petition, even if the follow-on petition is filed by a different entity.

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Topics: Prior Art, IPR

Don’t Regift Prior Art (or Arguments) to the PTAB

Posted by Turhan Sarwar on Nov 17, 2017

Turhan Sarwar

When challenging a patent through IPR, petitioners may be tempted to offer an improved version of an argument that had been offered by the examiner during prosecution, using similar prior art but shoring up potential shortcomings of what came before. However, three decisions that the Board recently designated as “informative” illustrate that a petitioner that isn’t careful when reusing arguments may not be successful.

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Topics: Prior Art

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